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CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

Explore upcoming and past events across the globe and online, whether hosted by CIFOR-ICRAF or attended by our researchers.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Photo by Quang Nguyen Vinh/Pexels

Publications

  • Agroecologically-conducive policies: A review of recent advances and remaining challenges

    Debate on the need for significant transformations towards more nutrition oriented, environmentally sustainable, and inclusive food systems has generated increased attention towards agroecology in recent years. This paper assesses how different policies can affect incentives for agroecology. The assessment reveals that few countries have embarked on a broad set of reforms with sustained commitments – many policies are new, weakly institutionalized and supported by limited budgets, making it difficult to analyze their effects.

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  • Agroforestry: A primer

    Agroforestry is not new: farmers have practiced it for millennia, and scientists have recognized it since the 1970s. But now agroforestry is at centerstage: it is promoted as a land-use strategy to support climate mitigation and adaptation, biodiversity, sustainable agriculture and more. However, agroforestry is not just a matter of adding trees to farms: to realize its potential, practitioners need to understand its principles. This guide shares those principles – and how to use them effectively.

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  • Bioenergy for landscape restoration and livelihoods: Re-creating energy-smart ecosystems on degraded landscapes

    Land restoration and bioenergy are leading solutions for climate change and sustainable development. But restoration is often perceived as ‘going back to the past’, and bioenergy development can be controversial given its impacts on land use and communities. This book shows how, under the right conditions, land restoration and bioenergy production can be synergetic. It provides evidence and lessons from six years of pioneering initiatives in Indonesia to combine these objectives in a people-centered way.

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  • Hunting Wildlife in the Tropics and Subtropics

    Hunting wild animals is an essential food source and income generator for millions of Indigenous and rural communities worldwide, but overhunting has caused the decline and extinction of many animal species. If those who depend on these resources are to continue hunting wild meat, sustainable practices must be implemented. These communities need to remain or become custodians of the wildlife resources within their lands, for their own well-being as well as for biodiversity in general.

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  • Ten people-centered rules for socially sustainable ecosystem restoration

    As the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration begins, there remains insufficient emphasis on human and social dimensions of restoration. Restoration’s potential for achieving ecological and social goals can only be met through a shift toward people-centered restoration strategies. This paper synthesizes critical insights from a special issue on “Restoration for whom, by whom” to propose actionable ways to center humans and social dimensions in ecosystem restoration, with the aim of generating fair and sustainable initiatives.

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  • The number of tree species on Earth

    One of the most fundamental questions in ecology is how many species inhabit the Earth – but the answer remains largely unknown. Here, based on global ground-sourced data, we estimate the total tree species richness at global, continental, and biome levels. Our results indicate that there are ∼73,000 tree species globally, with ∼9,000 species yet to be discovered. The findings highlight the vulnerability of tree species to climate and land-use change.

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  • Trees as hotspots: Using forests, trees, and agroforestry to foster diverse sustainable landscapes

    This paper summarizes the outcomes of the international Forests, trees, and agroforestry (FTA) Conference in Kunming from 22nd–24th June 2021. The event brought together scientists NGOs, and policy makers to further understanding of tree diversity; provide a communication platform for scientists to share their research results; evaluate the role of tree diversity in agroecology and circular agriculture; assess benefits of landscape restoration; and explore applied research in mountain ecosystems and food security.

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  • Tree Commodities And Resilient Green Economies in Africa

    This book examine how best tree commodities can contribute to achieving sustainable development goals in Africa. These commodities (coffee, cocoa, coffee, cashew, oil palm, rubber etc.) represent some of the continent’s fastest-growing land uses, and support the livelihoods of millions of people. The book aims to further understanding of innovative options for enabling continued economic, livelihood, and ecosystem services benefits for people through climate-smart and sustainable tree commodity systems.

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  • Transforming food systems with trees and forests

    The global food system is failing to deliver sufficient and nutritious food to all, while damaging the earth and unsustainably drawing down its resources. We argue that trees and forests are essential to solving these challenges. We outline the current contributions of trees and forests to the global food system and present recommendations to leverage these contributions as part of the efforts to reshape food systems to better support healthy diets and environmental sustainability.

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Agroecologically-conducive policies: A review of recent advances and remaining challenges

Agroforestry: A primer

Bioenergy for landscape restoration and livelihoods: Re-creating energy-smart ecosystems on degraded landscapes

Hunting Wildlife in the Tropics and Subtropics

Ten people-centered rules for socially sustainable ecosystem restoration

The number of tree species on Earth

Trees as hotspots: Using forests, trees, and agroforestry to foster diverse sustainable landscapes

Tree Commodities And Resilient Green Economies in Africa

Transforming food systems with trees and forests

News

Agroforestry App: set to accelerate agroforestry in India

Beyond the Green Legacy Initiative in Ethiopia

Is an agroecological transition viable in Africa?

COP 27 leaders urged to kick-start restoration of soil ecosystems

Securing land tenure for women and girls to promote climate change resilience

Oil palm agroforestry in Brazil dispels myths about monocultures

BOOK LAUNCH: new agroforestry manual seeks to help transform food systems

How far has the talk walked? Glasgow Leaders’ Declaration on Forests and Land Use

Do climate pledges rely too much on tree planting?

  • Agroforestry App: set to accelerate agroforestry in India

    There is an urgent need globally for system-level tools that can provide farmers, extensionists and decision makers with timely information about site-specific agroforestry systems. With the new Agroforestry App, anyone will be able to easily access comprehensive information on crops, trees, nurseries, and suitable packages of practices.

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  • Beyond the Green Legacy Initiative in Ethiopia

    The Ethiopian government has consistently made global headlines with ambitious tree planting targets since launching its Green Legacy Initiative (GLI) in 2019 – which seeks to plant 20 billion trees with in four years until 2022. Can it live up to its promise?

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  • Is an agroecological transition viable in Africa?

    Unsustainable farming practices have led to biodiversity loss, landscape degradation, reduced production, and increased emissions. Recently, increased awareness of the anthropogenic role in climate change has led to growing interest in building sustainable and resilient systems, particularly through an agroecological approach. Here, researchers examine the socioeconomic viability of the suite of sustainable practices in the African continental context.

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  • COP 27 leaders urged to kick-start restoration of soil ecosystems

    The first-ever Food Systems Pavilion to be featured at a UN Climate Change Conference represented an unprecedented opportunity to ensure that the health of the planet’s soil – and with it, all the nutritional, ecosystem, and climate benefits soil provides – was considered by policymakers in discussions at COP27.

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  • Securing land tenure for women and girls to promote climate change resilience

    The side event ‘Securing women’s and girls’ land tenure to promote communities’ resilience to climate change and to advance on sustainable economic justice & rights’ formed an important part of the 66th session of the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW-66) in March 2022.

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  • Oil palm agroforestry in Brazil dispels myths about monocultures

    This interview with Brazil-based CIFOR-ICRAF scientist Andrew Miccolis on the International Day of Forests (21 March) dispels myths that oil palm can only be cultivated successfully as a monoculture, by delving deep into some of the inspiring practices and possibilities of oil palm agroforestry.

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  • BOOK LAUNCH: new agroforestry manual seeks to help transform food systems

    In 2022, the Center for International Forestry Research–World Agroforestry (CIFOR-ICRAF) published a new manual on agroforestry: Agroforestry: A Primer – Design and management principles for people and the environment.

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  • How far has the talk walked? Glasgow Leaders’ Declaration on Forests and Land Use

    When leaders from 141 countries signed the Glasgow Declaration on Forests and Land Use, a critical step was taken in recognizing forests as critical in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement. However, experts agree that greater inclusivity, political goodwill, and resources are still needed for meaningful progress.

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  • Do climate pledges rely too much on tree planting?

    Countries worldwide have pledged to plant millions of hectares of trees to offset their greenhouse gas emissions. But the latest Land Gap Report warns that many of these efforts, as currently formulated, will do little or nothing to stem global warming – and could jeopardize the world’s food supply and the rights of Indigenous Peoples and local communities.

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Features

  • Trees and forests: An investment in climate resilience

    As the world reels from devastating storms, fires and drought, the need for solutions to the climate crisis is more urgent than ever. Trees – in forests and on farms – offer a resilient source of food, livelihoods and climate regulation. Here, CIFOR-ICRAF shares some of its work across over seven decades in the Global South to enable the creation of healthy, productive landscapes made resilient through the transformative power of forests, trees and agroforestry.

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  • Forests and Trees: At the front line of climate change

    Limiting the average global temperature increase to 1.5°C is impossible without trees playing a major role. At COP26, the landmark Glasgow Leaders’ Declaration on Forests and Land Use – in which 141 countries committed to collectively end forest loss and land degradation by 2030 – inexplicitly tied forests to the fight against climate change. In this special feature, we curate CIFOR-ICRAF’s latest research, knowledge and initiatives on trees and forests.

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  • Trees for biodiversity: From farm to forest

    Over 10 million species of animals, plants, fungi and microorganisms inhabit Earth. This diversity helps maintain ecosystem services, healthy diets, clean air and water, flood control, fertile soils and pollination, and builds resilience to crop failings, ecosystem collapse, and climate change. But we’re losing biodiversity at an alarming rate. In this feature, CIFOR-ICRAF shares its work supporting transformative action plans on the management and conservation of biodiversity through forests, trees and agroforestry.

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  • Agroforestry: A pathway to a viable world

    With 40% of the world’s land degraded to one degree or another, agroforestry is leading the race to restore healthy functions. Trees bring nutrients to weary soils, provide habitat for the microorganisms that manage the nutrients, manage the water table with their roots and provide shade, food, fuel, materials and income for farmers. Here, we share how CIFOR-ICRAF’s approach to agroforestry addresses the complex interactions between people and ecological systems through a holistic systems approach.

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  • Combating desertification: Preventing drought through land restoration

    CIFOR-ICRAF’s research on tree genetic resources, restoration, sustainable forest management, and soil and land health offers nature-based solutions to combat deforestation and biodiversity loss. The organization has developed a range of innovative solutions that help countries counter the effects of degraded ecosystems, including agricultural land, forests, wetlands and drylands in many different parts of the world.

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  • No water without trees: Forests, agroforestry and rainfed agriculture

    One out of three people worldwide lacks access to safe drinking water. Droughts, flooding and erosion continue to wreak havoc on communities, fuelled by the climate crisis and ongoing deforestation. CIFOR-ICRAF is working to build resilience among vulnerable populations, from smallholder farmers in Africa’s drylands to coastal fishing communities in Indonesia. Research is revealing how interconnected trees and water are – and how sustainable forest management, agroforestry, and wetland conservation can replenish watersheds and lower emissions.

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  • Annual report 2021: Harnessing the power of forests, trees and agroforestry

    CIFOR-ICRAF operates across 64 countries, with offices in 25 countries. We currently have 739 staff and 192 active projects. Our decades-long host country agreements with Indonesia and Kenya reflect their global leadership and deep commitment to forests, trees, and agroforestry.

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  • Gender and Social Inclusion

    An estimated 1.6 billion people around the world depend on forests and tree-based landscapes for their livelihoods and well-being – many of whom are among the planet’s most marginalized. As such, gender and social inclusion are critical lenses through which to look at work to conserve and restore landscapes.

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  • Wetlands for the future

    Wetlands – including peatlands, mangroves, swamps and seagrass – store more carbon than any other tropical forest. CIFOR-ICRAF is a leader in putting these little-known ecosystems on the global policy map.

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Trees and forests: An investment in climate resilience

Forests and Trees: At the front line of climate change

Trees for biodiversity: From farm to forest

Agroforestry: A pathway to a viable world

Combating desertification: Preventing drought through land restoration

No water without trees: Forests, agroforestry and rainfed agriculture

Annual report 2021: Harnessing the power of forests, trees and agroforestry

Gender and Social Inclusion

Wetlands for the future

Videos

Timbulsloko: the sinking village in Demak District

Hidden benefits of mangroves: a story from Pangpang Bay, Banyuwangi

CIFOR-ICRAF Managing Director Robert Nasi’s remarks on International Forests Day 2022

Coalition of Action for Soil Health: Global Soil Hub

Multistakeholder initiatives: fostering landscape-based natural resources management in Sumbawa

Land restoration: gender transformative approaches

Turning women into nutrition ambassadors to fight malnutrition in East Cameroon

Science Week 2022 – Stewardship economy and agroecology

Mountain Futures

  • Timbulsloko: the sinking village in Demak District

    Timbulsloko Village is a village in Central Java, Indonesia, which is experiencing eroding and flooding due to anthropogenic activities. The community is trying to save their village by restoring its mangrove forests, and a research team from CIFOR-ICRAF and partners are supporting them through the Restoring Coastal Landscape for Adaptation Integrated Mitigation (ReCLAIM) Project.

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  • Hidden benefits of mangroves: a story from Pangpang Bay, Banyuwangi

    This is a story from local communities living in and around the mangrove forests of Pangpang Bay, Banyuwangi, Indonesia. Mangrove ecosystems are essential nurseries for aquatic animals such as fish, crabs, oysters, shrimp, and more – which contain high and diverse micronutrients needed for the food security and nutrition of local communities, according to a CIFOR-ICRAF study.

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  • CIFOR-ICRAF Managing Director Robert Nasi’s remarks on International Forests Day 2022

    CIFOR-ICRAF Managing Director Robert Nasi explains the current state of natural and production forests and outlines a sustainable pathway forward.

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  • Coalition of Action for Soil Health: Global Soil Hub

    Inspired by the UN Food Systems Summit, the Coalition of Action 4 Soil Health (CA4SH) (The Global Soil Hub) has formed with an overarching goal of improving soil health globally by addressing critical implementation, monitoring, policy, and public and private investment barriers that constrain farmers from adopting and scaling healthy soil practices.

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  • Multistakeholder initiatives: fostering landscape-based natural resources management in Sumbawa

    Sumbawa Island, like many other small islands in Indonesia, contends with serious ecological challenges due to climate change. This video captures the activities implemented by KANOPPI Project, and its associated impacts, on Sumbawa. Through participatory action research, KANOPPI influences policy processes and translates landscape-based strategies into practice through a complementary agroforestry approach.

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  • Land restoration: gender transformative approaches

    It is important to consider gender roles and relationships in implementing land restoration initiatives. This video illustrates how counties in Kenya can incorporate gender-responsive action in restoration efforts.

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  • Turning women into nutrition ambassadors to fight malnutrition in East Cameroon

    Malnutrition is prevalent in much of the Congo Basin. Micronutrient deficiencies can lead to impaired immunity, increased mortality and morbidity, as well as impaired physical growth and cognitive development in children. CIFOR is working to identify opportunities to enhance nutritional security in the region by sustainably utilizing local forest foods rich in commonly limited micronutrients, and improving local practices related to Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) and breastfeeding.

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  • Science Week 2022 – Stewardship economy and agroecology

    The 2022 CIFOR-ICRAF Science Week Annual Meeting took place from 6-10 June 2022 as a hybrid meeting, connecting 500+ scientists across the world. This session explores the similarities and differences between stewardship economy and agroecological approaches, and considers how CIFOR-ICRAF should embrace them as either complementary or competing paradigms.

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  • Mountain Futures

    Mountain Futures is a global initiative that aims to promote the well-being of people in the mountains, enhance the diversity, stability and sustainability of ecosystems, and construct and share green mountain development solutions. CIFOR-ICRAF is one of its sponsors, alongside UNEP, the FAO, and the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD).

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Photos

  • Aerial photo of Wringin Putih Village fisherpeople preparing to fish in Pangpang Bay, Muncar District, Banyuwangi Regency, East Java, Indonesia. Photo by Rifky/CIFOR-ICRAF
  • Api-api hitam (Avicennia alba) is one of the tree species that grows in the essential ecosystem area of Pangpang Bay, Muncar District, Banyuwangi Regency, East Java, Indonesia. Photo by Rifky/CIFOR-ICRAF
  • Aerial view of village in Ghana. Kelvin Trautman/CIFOR-ICRAF
  • Feeding the goat. Kelvin Trautman/CIFOR-ICRAF
  • Processing the nuts. Kelvin Trautman/CIFOR-ICRAF
  • Coffee plants in an experimental agriculture plot in Yangambi, DRC. Photo by Axel Fassio/CIFOR-ICRAF
  • Aerial view of Paul and Victoria Kioko’s farm, Kituulya village, Mwala, Kenya.
  • Visit to Instituto de Investigaciones de la Amazonía Peruana (IIAP) carbon monitoring site, Quistococha. Photo by Junior Raborg/CIFOR-ICRAF
  • Aguaje palms. Photo by Junior Raborg/CIFOR-ICRAF

Podcasts

Celebrating women in environmental conservation

The Intricate ordeal of forest financing: lessons from Brazil

Keeping the momentum going to protect Congo Basin

Events

CIFOR-ICRAF at UNCBD COP15

CIFOR-ICRAF at UNFCCC COP27 – Trees and forests: An investment in climate resilience

CIFOR-ICRAF at the 50th session of the Committee on World Food Security

CIFOR-ICRAF at the 8th World Forest Week

CIFOR-ICRAF at the 5th World Congress on Agroforestry

CIFOR-ICRAT at UNCCD COP15: Land restoration is crucial for resilience

XV World Forestry Congress: Building a Green, Healthy and Resilient Future with Forests

GLF Africa Digital Conference 2022

GLF Climate 2022

  • CIFOR-ICRAF at UNCBD COP15

    The second part of the 15th Conference of the Parties of the UNCBD (COP15) took place in December 2022. The key objective of the conference was to adopt the post-2020 global biodiversity framework that defines targets and pathways for the sustainable use of biodiversity for the coming decade.

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  • CIFOR-ICRAF at UNFCCC COP27 – Trees and forests: An investment in climate resilience

    The 27th Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC (COP27) took place in November 2022, hosted by the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt. The conference built on previous successes and paved the way for ambitions to effectively tackle the global challenge of climate change.

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  • CIFOR-ICRAF at the 50th session of the Committee on World Food Security

    The 50th Session of the Committee on World Food Security (CFS50) featured a full-day ministerial segment on coordinating policy responses to the global food crisis. The plenary celebrated the International Day of Rural Women, reviewed the work of the CFS and its High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition (HLPE-FSN_ toward 2030, and kickstarted the workstream on data collection and analysis for food security and nutrition.

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  • CIFOR-ICRAF at the 8th World Forest Week

    The 8th World Forest Week (WFW2022) featured a broad range of topics and events on the sidelines of the 26th Session of the Committee on Forestry (COFO26). World Forest Week brought together FAO Member States, a range of partner organizations, leaders, science and youth to exchange, connect, showcase best practices and actions on the ground, and to contribute from the forest community to the global international debate on forestry and environmental issues.

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  • CIFOR-ICRAF at the 5th World Congress on Agroforestry

    Scientists from CIFOR-ICRAF will join other stakeholders at the 5th World Congress on Agroforestry in dialogues on how agroforestry can bring solutions to different ecological, social and economic needs and challenges. Agroforestry contributes to enhancing soil health, protecting water quality, increasing biodiversity, mitigating and adapting to climate change, and ensuring food security, health and revenues. The Congress will foster collaboration and strengthen connections to bring together agroforestry-related research, policy and implementation.

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  • CIFOR-ICRAT at UNCCD COP15: Land restoration is crucial for resilience

    A third of the Earth’s surface area is degraded – negatively impacting the livelihoods of more than 3.2 billion people. Land restoration can slow global warming, stem biodiversity loss, and reduce the risk, scale and frequency of natural disasters from floods to zoonotic diseases. At UNCCD COP15, CIFOR-ICRAF scientists shared their latest research on restoration, agroforestry, tree genetic resources, sustainable forest management, soil and land health, to inform policy and drive necessary change.

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  • XV World Forestry Congress: Building a Green, Healthy and Resilient Future with Forests

    CIFOR-ICRAF scientists joined the World Forestry Congress to discuss the state and future of world forestry, which had a focus on defining the role of forests in the global developmental agenda (2030 Agenda) and other major agreements – including the Global Forest Goals, Paris Agreement and post-2020 global biodiversity framework – and identifying key measures for the forest sector to adjust to the new reality and help ‘build back better’.

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  • GLF Africa Digital Conference 2022

    The GLF Africa Digital Conference highlighted leading change-makers, voices, and thinkers from Africa and around the world to show the power of community-led action for food security, drought management, and healthy ecosystems. The day featured inspiring speakers, the latest science, virtual speakers, concerts, and job and networking opportunities.

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  • GLF Climate 2022

    Hosted on the sidelines of COP27 in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt, and online, GLF Climate 2022: Frontiers of Change united 7,000 participants from 164 countries and rallied over 27 million people on social media around what humanity can still do to avoid the worsening impacts of the climate crisis.

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In Depth

Agroforestry needs visibility in national budgets to track climate progress

Trees on farms are vital to human well-being, providing households with food, fuelwood, and rural incomes. They also protect ecosystems by sequestering carbon, preventing soil erosion, and supporting the biodiversity of animal and plant life on Earth. As such, a CIFOR-ICRAF study in the Rwandan context recommended boosting government spending on trees on farms.

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Healthier mangroves, more fish

Mangroves are finally having a moment. Global recognition is growing of their role as major carbon sinks and the ways they protect coastlines from floods and storm surges. They also harbor a variety of fish and other aquatic animals that support the diets and livelihoods of coastal communities. Here, a new study shows how conserving these critical ecosystems can boost food security and nutrition.

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Sink, shift, or sprout? Restoring mangroves in vulnerable coastal settlements

Timbulsloko Village seems to be sinking. At high tide, the ocean enters people’s houses, and licks at their floors and furniture. During storm surges and heavy rains, the sea takes bigger bites out of homes and pathways. The road through town, carefully paved with concrete, is sodden and impassable. Restoring mangroves could be a lifeline for vulnerable coastal settlements like this.

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Zambia’s agroecological miracle workers: hope for a food-insecure world

Special reporter Patrick Worms writes passionately about what he witnessed among agroecological farmers in Zambia, and the potential for expanding their practices much more widely.

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From honey to handicrafts: Shaping sustainable livelihoods on Sumbawa

What does a group of women basket-weavers have in common with a batch of freshly trained beekeepers and a cooperative designing village ecotourism and regulations to support it? They were all part of the Kanoppi Project in Sumbawa District of Sumbawa Island in Indonesia’s West Nusa Tenggara province, which concluded in December 2021.

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Feature: Celebrating International Women’s Day from China

Modern Chinese women enjoy unprecedented life expectancy, education levels, and living standards. Despite this, many barriers remain to achieving true gender equality, especially in the countryside. Ancient customs of the Dai people of Yunnan signal a way forward for narrowing the gender gap – not only in China, but in rural areas around the world.

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Social media

Soil is more than dirt: World Soil Day

Just dirt beneath our feet? No way! Soil is the priceless foundation of all life on Earth. It is critically important for climate change mitigation, ecosystem restoration, and it is where our food begins.
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Harnessing the power of forests, trees and agroforestry

CIFOR-ICRAF delivers demand-driven, transformative evidence of the ways that trees can revitalize both landscapes and livelihoods. Explore our special series of outcome stories to find out what we are doing to create solutions to global challenges.
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International Day for the Conservation of Mangrove Ecosystems

Intertwined, interlocked, just like the mighty mangroves’ roots, life over and above water are interconnected. The ecosystem services they provide are invaluable – thus, mangrove conservation and protection is essential to ensure a healthier future for people and the planet.
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Trees are one of our best investments in resilience – but who should foot the bill?

CIFOR-ICRAF Managing Director Robert Nasi on why polluters should pay for Loss and Damage and contribute to green infrastructure.
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Trees for resilience

Trees and forests play a central role in ensuring a healthy and sustainable future for people and the planet. Protecting them is a must: challenging, but worth it. At COP27, CIFOR-ICRAF found myriad ways to drive home this message.
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Agroforestry is the ‘future of global land use

More than simply ‘agriculture with trees’, agroforestry is an agroecological approach that involves farmers, livestock, trees, and forests – from household through to landscape scales.
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Trees and forests: an investment in climate resilience

A future of climate-resilient communities, ecosystems, and economies is possible. CIFOR-ICRAF works towards creating healthy, productive landscapes through the transformative power of forests, trees, and agroforestry – and shared some of this work in the leadup to COP27.
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Forest-fungi Agroforestry

Intercropping mushrooms and medicinal plants – which don’t need lengthy times before harvest – with multipurpose trees is set to provide a much-needed boost in securing livelihoods in the Global South.
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Agroforestry: A primer

Agroforestry is not just a matter of adding trees to farms. To realize its potential, practitioners need to understand its principles. ‘Agroforestry: A primer’ is a guide to agroforestry principles and concepts – and how to use them effectively.
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Initiatives

  • Trees Outside Forests in India – TOFI

    Trees Outside Forests in India (TOFI) is a five-year joint initiative by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) of the Government of India. With the united force of eight consortium partners led by CIFOR-ICRAF, the initiative is committed to expanding the area under trees outside forests for the benefit of livelihoods and the ecosystem.

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  • Landscapes for Our Future

    Land provides essential ecosystem services to both people and planet. But growing demand for food, fuel, fiber, and timber is driving competition for land and degradation of resources, leading to global deforestation, climate change, social conflict, inequality and biodiversity loss. This poses a serious challenge to achieving development within planetary boundaries. Integrated Landscape Management (ILM) aims to tackle these challenges.

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  • FACT Dialogue

    As COP26 Presidents, the UK and Indonesia launched the Forest, Agriculture and Commodity Trade (FACT) Dialogue as co-chairs. This government-to-government dialogue is bringing together the largest producers and consumers of internationally traded agricultural commodities (such as palm oil, soya, cocoa, beef, and timber) to protect forests and other ecosystems while promoting sustainable trade and development and addressing the climate and biodiversity crises.

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  • Transformative Land Investment

    The climate crisis and pandemic have both primed the world to look at new ways of doing development, and increased calls for transformational change. Transformative Land Investment is creating sustainable food systems that empower vulnerable communities, inspire civic engagement, and galvanize collaborative action and innovation.

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  • Agroecology Coalition

    Current agricultural and food systems face major environmental, climate, and health challenges, while responding to the challenges of food security and nutrition. The climate crisis and pandemic have both primed the world to look at new ways of doing development and have increased calls for transformational change to how we feed ourselves – and that’s where the Agroecology Coalition comes in.

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  • Coalition for Soil Health (CA4SH)

    CA4SH advocates for multi-stakeholder partners to facilitate the adoption and scaling of a global mechanism and processes to guide and catalyze public and market-based private sector investments in soil health – with positive outcomes for economic returns and growth, improved productivity and rural livelihoods, climate action, and nature. CA4SH also aligns with and leverages the work of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD).

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  • Yangambi

    Yangambi is a science, conservation and development hub in the heart of the Congo Basin. It is fast emerging as a global reference on how sustainably managed forests can serve as a driver for local development. Research, restoration, and climate-smart agricultural activities are putting this landscape at the core of forestry innovation.

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  • The Agroecological Transitions Program for Building Resilient and Inclusive Agricultural & Food Systems

    The Agroecological Transitions Program for Building Resilient and Inclusive Agricultural & Food Systems aims to leverage increasing recognition of agroecological approaches as a means to improve sustainable development of food systems in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), ensuring the regenerative use of natural resources and ecosystem services, while also addressing the need for more socially equitable decision-making.

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  • Youth in Landscapes (YIL)

    A growing global movement of over 60,000 young people bringing positive change for the sustainability of their landscapes.

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Trees Outside Forests in India – TOFI

Landscapes for Our Future

FACT Dialogue

Transformative Land Investment

Agroecology Coalition

Coalition for Soil Health (CA4SH)

Yangambi

The Agroecological Transitions Program for Building Resilient and Inclusive Agricultural & Food Systems

Youth in Landscapes (YIL)