Pour que la recherche ait un impact, la science a besoin de canaux de communication clairs pour aller droit au but. CIFOR-ICRAF est aussi passionné par le partage de ses connaissances que par leur production.
Para que la investigación pueda generar algún impacto, los conocimientos científicos requieren de canales de comunicación claros. En CIFOR-ICRAF, compartir nuestros conocimientos nos apasiona tanto como generarlos.
Ilmu pengetahuan membutuhkan saluran komunikasi yang jelas untuk mencapai tujuan, jika ingin dampaknya terlihat. CIFOR-ICRAF sangat bersemangat untuk berbagi pengetahuan sembari menghasilkan pengetahuan itu sendiri.
CIFOR–ICRAF achieves science-driven impact. We conduct innovative research, strengthen
partners’ capacity and actively engage in dialogue with all stakeholders, bringing the latest insights on
forests, trees, landscapes and people to global decision making.
CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests,
landscapes, people and the planet.
We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and
restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short,
improving people’s lives.
In 2022, the climate, biodiversity, and food crises have come into sharper focus. Events
like conflict in Ukraine and drought in East Africa have reminded us of our vulnerability and
interconnectivity, and the urgent need to work together to transform food systems, energy sectors, and
relationships with nature more broadly.
In that milieu, the work of CIFOR-ICRAF is more relevant than ever, as the organization
continues to deliver actionable solutions to the global challenges of deforestation and biodiversity loss; a
changing climate; broken food systems; unsustainable supply and value chains; and extreme inequality.
We're very proud to share below some selected highlights of our 2022
achievements for people, nature, and planet.
Debate on the need for significant transformations towards more nutrition oriented, environmentally sustainable, and inclusive food systems has generated increased attention towards agroecology in recent years. This paper assesses how different policies can affect incentives for agroecology. The assessment reveals that few countries have embarked on a broad set of reforms with sustained commitments – many policies are new, weakly institutionalized and supported by limited budgets, making it difficult to analyze their effects.
Agroforestry is not new: farmers have practiced it for millennia, and scientists have recognized it since the 1970s. But now agroforestry is at centerstage: it is promoted as a land-use strategy to support climate mitigation and adaptation, biodiversity, sustainable agriculture and more. However, agroforestry is not just a matter of adding trees to farms: to realize its potential, practitioners need to understand its principles. This guide shares those principles – and how to use them effectively.
Land restoration and bioenergy are leading solutions for climate change and sustainable development. But restoration is often perceived as ‘going back to the past’, and bioenergy development can be controversial given its impacts on land use and communities. This book shows how, under the right conditions, land restoration and bioenergy production can be synergetic. It provides evidence and lessons from six years of pioneering initiatives in Indonesia to combine these objectives in a people-centered way.
Hunting wild animals is an essential food source and income generator for millions of Indigenous and rural communities worldwide, but overhunting has caused the decline and extinction of many animal species. If those who depend on these resources are to continue hunting wild meat, sustainable practices must be implemented. These communities need to remain or become custodians of the wildlife resources within their lands, for their own well-being as well as for biodiversity in general.
As the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration begins, there remains insufficient emphasis on human and social dimensions of restoration. Restoration’s potential for achieving ecological and social goals can only be met through a shift toward people-centered restoration strategies. This paper synthesizes critical insights from a special issue on “Restoration for whom, by whom” to propose actionable ways to center humans and social dimensions in ecosystem restoration, with the aim of generating fair and sustainable initiatives.
One of the most fundamental questions in ecology is how many species inhabit the Earth – but the answer remains largely unknown. Here, based on global ground-sourced data, we estimate the total tree species richness at global, continental, and biome levels. Our results indicate that there are ∼73,000 tree species globally, with ∼9,000 species yet to be discovered. The findings highlight the vulnerability of tree species to climate and land-use change.
This paper summarizes the outcomes of the international Forests, trees, and agroforestry (FTA) Conference in Kunming from 22nd–24th June 2021. The event brought together scientists NGOs, and policy makers to further understanding of tree diversity; provide a communication platform for scientists to share their research results; evaluate the role of tree diversity in agroecology and circular agriculture; assess benefits of landscape restoration; and explore applied research in mountain ecosystems and food security.
This book examine how best tree commodities can contribute to achieving sustainable development goals in Africa. These commodities (coffee, cocoa, coffee, cashew, oil palm, rubber etc.) represent some of the continent’s fastest-growing land uses, and support the livelihoods of millions of people. The book aims to further understanding of innovative options for enabling continued economic, livelihood, and ecosystem services benefits for people through climate-smart and sustainable tree commodity systems.
The global food system is failing to deliver sufficient and nutritious food to all, while damaging the earth and unsustainably drawing down its resources. We argue that trees and forests are essential to solving these challenges. We outline the current contributions of trees and forests to the global food system and present recommendations to leverage these contributions as part of the efforts to reshape food systems to better support healthy diets and environmental sustainability.
There is an urgent need globally for system-level tools that can provide farmers, extensionists and decision makers with timely information about site-specific agroforestry systems. With the new Agroforestry App, anyone will be able to easily access comprehensive information on crops, trees, nurseries, and suitable packages of practices.
The Ethiopian government has consistently made global headlines with ambitious tree planting targets since launching its Green Legacy Initiative (GLI) in 2019 – which seeks to plant 20 billion trees with in four years until 2022. Can it live up to its promise?
Unsustainable farming practices have led to biodiversity loss, landscape degradation, reduced production, and increased emissions. Recently, increased awareness of the anthropogenic role in climate change has led to growing interest in building sustainable and resilient systems, particularly through an agroecological approach. Here, researchers examine the socioeconomic viability of the suite of sustainable practices in the African continental context.
The first-ever Food Systems Pavilion to be featured at a UN Climate Change Conference represented an unprecedented opportunity to ensure that the health of the planet’s soil – and with it, all the nutritional, ecosystem, and climate benefits soil provides – was considered by policymakers in discussions at COP27.
The side event ‘Securing women’s and girls’ land tenure to promote communities’ resilience to climate change and to advance on sustainable economic justice & rights’ formed an important part of the 66th session of the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW-66) in March 2022.
This interview with Brazil-based CIFOR-ICRAF scientist Andrew Miccolis on the International Day of Forests (21 March) dispels myths that oil palm can only be cultivated successfully as a monoculture, by delving deep into some of the inspiring practices and possibilities of oil palm agroforestry.
In 2022, the Center for International Forestry Research–World Agroforestry (CIFOR-ICRAF) published a new manual on agroforestry: Agroforestry: A Primer – Design and management principles for people and the environment.
When leaders from 141 countries signed the Glasgow Declaration on Forests and Land Use, a critical step was taken in recognizing forests as critical in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement. However, experts agree that greater inclusivity, political goodwill, and resources are still needed for meaningful progress.
Countries worldwide have pledged to plant millions of hectares of trees to offset their greenhouse gas emissions. But the latest Land Gap Report warns that many of these efforts, as currently formulated, will do little or nothing to stem global warming – and could jeopardize the world’s food supply and the rights of Indigenous Peoples and local communities.
As the world reels from devastating storms, fires and drought, the need for solutions to the climate crisis is more urgent than ever. Trees – in forests and on farms – offer a resilient source of food, livelihoods and climate regulation. Here, CIFOR-ICRAF shares some of its work across over seven decades in the Global South to enable the creation of healthy, productive landscapes made resilient through the transformative power of forests, trees and agroforestry.
Limiting the average global temperature increase to 1.5°C is impossible without trees playing a major role. At COP26, the landmark Glasgow Leaders’ Declaration on Forests and Land Use – in which 141 countries committed to collectively end forest loss and land degradation by 2030 – inexplicitly tied forests to the fight against climate change. In this special feature, we curate CIFOR-ICRAF’s latest research, knowledge and initiatives on trees and forests.
Over 10 million species of animals, plants, fungi and microorganisms inhabit Earth. This diversity helps maintain ecosystem services, healthy diets, clean air and water, flood control, fertile soils and pollination, and builds resilience to crop failings, ecosystem collapse, and climate change. But we’re losing biodiversity at an alarming rate. In this feature, CIFOR-ICRAF shares its work supporting transformative action plans on the management and conservation of biodiversity through forests, trees and agroforestry.
With 40% of the world’s land degraded to one degree or another, agroforestry is leading the race to restore healthy functions. Trees bring nutrients to weary soils, provide habitat for the microorganisms that manage the nutrients, manage the water table with their roots and provide shade, food, fuel, materials and income for farmers. Here, we share how CIFOR-ICRAF’s approach to agroforestry addresses the complex interactions between people and ecological systems through a holistic systems approach.
CIFOR-ICRAF’s research on tree genetic resources, restoration, sustainable forest management, and soil and land health offers nature-based solutions to combat deforestation and biodiversity loss. The organization has developed a range of innovative solutions that help countries counter the effects of degraded ecosystems, including agricultural land, forests, wetlands and drylands in many different parts of the world.
One out of three people worldwide lacks access to safe drinking water. Droughts, flooding and erosion continue to wreak havoc on communities, fuelled by the climate crisis and ongoing deforestation. CIFOR-ICRAF is working to build resilience among vulnerable populations, from smallholder farmers in Africa’s drylands to coastal fishing communities in Indonesia. Research is revealing how interconnected trees and water are – and how sustainable forest management, agroforestry, and wetland conservation can replenish watersheds and lower emissions.
CIFOR-ICRAF operates across 64 countries, with offices in 25 countries. We currently have 739 staff and 192 active projects. Our decades-long host country agreements with Indonesia and Kenya reflect their global leadership and deep commitment to forests, trees, and agroforestry.
An estimated 1.6 billion people around the world depend on forests and tree-based landscapes for their livelihoods and well-being – many of whom are among the planet’s most marginalized. As such, gender and social inclusion are critical lenses through which to look at work to conserve and restore landscapes.
Wetlands – including peatlands, mangroves, swamps and seagrass – store more carbon than any other tropical forest. CIFOR-ICRAF is a leader in putting these little-known ecosystems on the global policy map.
Timbulsloko Village is a village in Central Java, Indonesia, which is experiencing eroding and flooding due to anthropogenic activities. The community is trying to save their village by restoring its mangrove forests, and a research team from CIFOR-ICRAF and partners are supporting them through the Restoring Coastal Landscape for Adaptation Integrated Mitigation (ReCLAIM) Project.
This is a story from local communities living in and around the mangrove forests of Pangpang Bay, Banyuwangi, Indonesia. Mangrove ecosystems are essential nurseries for aquatic animals such as fish, crabs, oysters, shrimp, and more – which contain high and diverse micronutrients needed for the food security and nutrition of local communities, according to a CIFOR-ICRAF study.
Inspired by the UN Food Systems Summit, the Coalition of Action 4 Soil Health (CA4SH) (The Global Soil Hub) has formed with an overarching goal of improving soil health globally by addressing critical implementation, monitoring, policy, and public and private investment barriers that constrain farmers from adopting and scaling healthy soil practices.
Sumbawa Island, like many other small islands in Indonesia, contends with serious ecological challenges due to climate change. This video captures the activities implemented by KANOPPI Project, and its associated impacts, on Sumbawa. Through participatory action research, KANOPPI influences policy processes and translates landscape-based strategies into practice through a complementary agroforestry approach.
It is important to consider gender roles and relationships in implementing land restoration initiatives. This video illustrates how counties in Kenya can incorporate gender-responsive action in restoration efforts.
Malnutrition is prevalent in much of the Congo Basin. Micronutrient deficiencies can lead to impaired immunity, increased mortality and morbidity, as well as impaired physical growth and cognitive development in children. CIFOR is working to identify opportunities to enhance nutritional security in the region by sustainably utilizing local forest foods rich in commonly limited micronutrients, and improving local practices related to Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) and breastfeeding.
The 2022 CIFOR-ICRAF Science Week Annual Meeting took place from 6-10 June 2022 as a hybrid meeting, connecting 500+ scientists across the world. This session explores the similarities and differences between stewardship economy and agroecological approaches, and considers how CIFOR-ICRAF should embrace them as either complementary or competing paradigms.
Mountain Futures is a global initiative that aims to promote the well-being of people in the mountains, enhance the diversity, stability and sustainability of ecosystems, and construct and share green mountain development solutions. CIFOR-ICRAF is one of its sponsors, alongside UNEP, the FAO, and the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD).
Aerial photo of Wringin Putih Village fisherpeople preparing to fish in Pangpang Bay, Muncar District, Banyuwangi Regency, East Java, Indonesia. Photo by Rifky/CIFOR-ICRAF
Api-api hitam (Avicennia alba) is one of the tree species that grows in the essential ecosystem area of Pangpang Bay, Muncar District, Banyuwangi Regency, East Java, Indonesia. Photo by Rifky/CIFOR-ICRAF
Aerial view of village in Ghana. Kelvin Trautman/CIFOR-ICRAF
Feeding the goat. Kelvin Trautman/CIFOR-ICRAF
Processing the nuts. Kelvin Trautman/CIFOR-ICRAF
Coffee plants in an experimental agriculture plot in Yangambi, DRC. Photo by Axel Fassio/CIFOR-ICRAF
Aerial view of Paul and Victoria Kioko’s farm, Kituulya village, Mwala, Kenya.
Visit to Instituto de Investigaciones de la Amazonía Peruana (IIAP) carbon monitoring site, Quistococha. Photo by Junior Raborg/CIFOR-ICRAF
Blaise-Pascal Ntirumenyerwa Mihigo, Professor of Law at the University of Kinshasa, explores progress on Congo’s forest protection and what it takes to unlock the USD500 million of funding committed at COP26.
The second part of the 15th Conference of the Parties of the UNCBD (COP15) took place in December 2022. The key objective of the conference was to adopt the post-2020 global biodiversity framework that defines targets and pathways for the sustainable use of biodiversity for the coming decade.
The 27th Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC (COP27) took place in November 2022, hosted by the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt. The conference built on previous successes and paved the way for ambitions to effectively tackle the global challenge of climate change.
The 50th Session of the Committee on World Food Security (CFS50) featured a full-day ministerial segment on coordinating policy responses to the global food crisis. The plenary celebrated the International Day of Rural Women, reviewed the work of the CFS and its High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition (HLPE-FSN_ toward 2030, and kickstarted the workstream on data collection and analysis for food security and nutrition.
The 8th World Forest Week (WFW2022) featured a broad range of topics and events on the sidelines of the 26th Session of the Committee on Forestry (COFO26). World Forest Week brought together FAO Member States, a range of partner organizations, leaders, science and youth to exchange, connect, showcase best practices and actions on the ground, and to contribute from the forest community to the global international debate on forestry and environmental issues.
Scientists from CIFOR-ICRAF will join other stakeholders at the 5th World Congress on Agroforestry in dialogues on how agroforestry can bring solutions to different ecological, social and economic needs and challenges. Agroforestry contributes to enhancing soil health, protecting water quality, increasing biodiversity, mitigating and adapting to climate change, and ensuring food security, health and revenues. The Congress will foster collaboration and strengthen connections to bring together agroforestry-related research, policy and implementation.
A third of the Earth’s surface area is degraded – negatively impacting the livelihoods of more than 3.2 billion people. Land restoration can slow global warming, stem biodiversity loss, and reduce the risk, scale and frequency of natural disasters from floods to zoonotic diseases. At UNCCD COP15, CIFOR-ICRAF scientists shared their latest research on restoration, agroforestry, tree genetic resources, sustainable forest management, soil and land health, to inform policy and drive necessary change.
CIFOR-ICRAF scientists joined the World Forestry Congress to discuss the state and future of world forestry, which had a focus on defining the role of forests in the global developmental agenda (2030 Agenda) and other major agreements – including the Global Forest Goals, Paris Agreement and post-2020 global biodiversity framework – and identifying key measures for the forest sector to adjust to the new reality and help ‘build back better’.
The GLF Africa Digital Conference highlighted leading change-makers, voices, and thinkers from Africa and around the world to show the power of community-led action for food security, drought management, and healthy ecosystems. The day featured inspiring speakers, the latest science, virtual speakers, concerts, and job and networking opportunities.
Hosted on the sidelines of COP27 in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt, and online, GLF Climate 2022: Frontiers of Change united 7,000 participants from 164 countries and rallied over 27 million people on social media around what humanity can still do to avoid the worsening impacts of the climate crisis.
Trees on farms are vital to human well-being, providing households with food, fuelwood, and rural incomes. They also protect ecosystems by sequestering carbon, preventing soil erosion, and supporting the biodiversity of animal and plant life on Earth. As such, a CIFOR-ICRAF study in the Rwandan context recommended boosting government spending on trees on farms.
Mangroves are finally having a moment. Global recognition is growing of their role as major carbon sinks and the ways they protect coastlines from floods and storm surges. They also harbor a variety of fish and other aquatic animals that support the diets and livelihoods of coastal communities. Here, a new study shows how conserving these critical ecosystems can boost food security and nutrition.
Timbulsloko Village seems to be sinking. At high tide, the ocean enters people’s houses, and licks at their floors and furniture. During storm surges and heavy rains, the sea takes bigger bites out of homes and pathways. The road through town, carefully paved with concrete, is sodden and impassable. Restoring mangroves could be a lifeline for vulnerable coastal settlements like this.
What does a group of women basket-weavers have in common with a batch of freshly trained beekeepers and a cooperative designing village ecotourism and regulations to support it? They were all part of the Kanoppi Project in Sumbawa District of Sumbawa Island in Indonesia’s West Nusa Tenggara province, which concluded in December 2021.
Modern Chinese women enjoy unprecedented life expectancy, education levels, and living standards. Despite this, many barriers remain to achieving true gender equality, especially in the countryside. Ancient customs of the Dai people of Yunnan signal a way forward for narrowing the gender gap – not only in China, but in rural areas around the world.
Just dirt beneath our feet? No way! Soil is the priceless foundation of all life on Earth. It is critically important for climate change mitigation, ecosystem restoration, and it is where our food begins.
CIFOR-ICRAF delivers demand-driven, transformative evidence of the ways that trees can revitalize both landscapes and livelihoods. Explore our special series of outcome stories to find out what we are doing to create solutions to global challenges.
Intertwined, interlocked, just like the mighty mangroves’ roots, life over and above water are interconnected. The ecosystem services they provide are invaluable – thus, mangrove conservation and protection is essential to ensure a healthier future for people and the planet.
Trees and forests play a central role in ensuring a healthy and sustainable future for people and the planet. Protecting them is a must: challenging, but worth it. At COP27, CIFOR-ICRAF found myriad ways to drive home this message.
A future of climate-resilient communities, ecosystems, and economies is possible. CIFOR-ICRAF works towards creating healthy, productive landscapes through the transformative power of forests, trees, and agroforestry – and shared some of this work in the leadup to COP27.
Intercropping mushrooms and medicinal plants – which don’t need lengthy times before harvest – with multipurpose trees is set to provide a much-needed boost in securing livelihoods in the Global South.
Agroforestry is not just a matter of adding trees to farms. To realize its potential, practitioners need to understand its principles. ‘Agroforestry: A primer’ is a guide to agroforestry principles and concepts – and how to use them effectively.
Trees Outside Forests in India (TOFI) is a five-year joint initiative by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) of the Government of India. With the united force of eight consortium partners led by CIFOR-ICRAF, the initiative is committed to expanding the area under trees outside forests for the benefit of livelihoods and the ecosystem.
Land provides essential ecosystem services to both people and planet. But growing demand for food, fuel, fiber, and timber is driving competition for land and degradation of resources, leading to global deforestation, climate change, social conflict, inequality and biodiversity loss. This poses a serious challenge to achieving development within planetary boundaries. Integrated Landscape Management (ILM) aims to tackle these challenges.
As COP26 Presidents, the UK and Indonesia launched the Forest, Agriculture and Commodity Trade (FACT) Dialogue as co-chairs. This government-to-government dialogue is bringing together the largest producers and consumers of internationally traded agricultural commodities (such as palm oil, soya, cocoa, beef, and timber) to protect forests and other ecosystems while promoting sustainable trade and development and addressing the climate and biodiversity crises.
The climate crisis and pandemic have both primed the world to look at new ways of doing development, and increased calls for transformational change. Transformative Land Investment is creating sustainable food systems that empower vulnerable communities, inspire civic engagement, and galvanize collaborative action and innovation.
Current agricultural and food systems face major environmental, climate, and health challenges, while responding to the challenges of food security and nutrition. The climate crisis and pandemic have both primed the world to look at new ways of doing development and have increased calls for transformational change to how we feed ourselves – and that’s where the Agroecology Coalition comes in.
CA4SH advocates for multi-stakeholder partners to facilitate the adoption and scaling of a global mechanism and processes to guide and catalyze public and market-based private sector investments in soil health – with positive outcomes for economic returns and growth, improved productivity and rural livelihoods, climate action, and nature. CA4SH also aligns with and leverages the work of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD).
Yangambi is a science, conservation and development hub in the heart of the Congo Basin. It is fast emerging as a global reference on how sustainably managed forests can serve as a driver for local development. Research, restoration, and climate-smart agricultural activities are putting this landscape at the core of forestry innovation.
The Agroecological Transitions Program for Building Resilient and Inclusive Agricultural & Food Systems aims to leverage increasing recognition of agroecological approaches as a means to improve sustainable development of food systems in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), ensuring the regenerative use of natural resources and ecosystem services, while also addressing the need for more socially equitable decision-making.
CIFOR-ICRAF harnesses the power of trees, forests and agroforestry landscapes to address the most pressing global challenges of our time - biodiversity loss, climate change, food security, livelihoods and inequity.