Trees and forests: An investment in climate resilience

06 – 18 November 2022, Sharm el Sheikh, Egypt

Tree-based Food System Transformation for Improving Lives and Environment

Global food systems account for more than one-third of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. Cereal-based food systems do not sustainably produce quality and nutritious food and negatively impact the ecological cycles, environment, climate, livelihood, poverty and equity, governance, and resilience. The assessment of global diets in the last three decades elucidates the declining trend of vital elements and diversity in food and increased dependence on a few staple crops. It leads to "belly full hungry cells" – consuming more food with lower nutrition for those who can afford to buy. Deficient nutrition is a driving factor for malnutrition and hunger among the poor. Such lifestyle changes are impacting the food production systems and pushing them to more unsustainability.

Restoring food systems through a tree-based diversified functional production system can reduce the impact of climate change and environmental degradation and promote enhanced food diversity, health, livelihoods, equity, income, and governance.

Speakers at this session will deliberate on the transformations brought through tree-based food systems – agroforestry and trees outside the forests – to improve livelihoods and the environment.


  • To highlight the importance of agroforestry and trees outside forests in the global food systems, focussing on India, and find ways to reshape food systems to encourage nutrient-rich diverse diets and environmental sustainability.
  • To deliberate on the linkage between nature and lifestyle while emphasizing the need for a radical shift in production, consumption, storage, and disposal patterns to benefit people and the environment.