Putting gender equity and social inclusion to the fore

What the new Global Biodiversity Framework means for forests and trees – and the life they harbour

Getting it right, from the start

Gender equity is not only essential to the success of sustainable development initiatives, it’s a human right. Central to our approach is the need to address the power dynamics that shape the unique experiences, barriers, and opportunities of the diverse and intersecting identities of women, including Indigenous Peoples, youth, refugees, and other marginalized groups.

CIFOR-ICRAF has identified inequality as one of the five global challenges to address strategically over the next 10 years. As a cross-cutting theme, gender equity and social inclusion (GESI) informs the way we work across all our activities, from forest and agroforestry landscapes to climate change policy and action to inclusive value chains.

Next step for nature

Finding solutions to patterns of inequality

Drawing on a deep and evolving understanding of the barriers to gender equality and inclusion, CIFOR-ICRAF conducts applied research to explore the dynamics of gender and other social categories in forestry and agroforestry landscapes.

The challenge: Inequality affecting women, Indigenous Peoples and other marginalized groups

In many countries, insecure tenure, overlapping rights and land grabbing can deny many women, Indigenous Peoples and local communities access to food and livelihood opportunities. These challenges have only increased since the COVID-19 pandemic and resulting economic fallout.


  1. United Nations (UN)
  2. The state of the world’s forests 2020, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UN (FAO)
  3. Indigenous Peoples, The World Bank (TWB)
  4. UN
  5. Progress on household drinking water, sanitation and hygiene 2000-2017, Unicef and World Health Organization (WHO)
  6. SDG7: Data and Projections, International Energy Agency (IEA)
  7. Mobile Internet Connectivity 2019 Factsheet, Global System for Mobile Communications (GSMA)
  8. International Telecommunication Union (IU)
  9. Tracking Universal Health Coverage: 2017 Global Monitoring Report, WHO and TWB
  10. Global Wealth Report 2019, Credit Suisse
  11. Pew Research Centre
  12. UN Women
  13. The World’s Women 2015, UN
  14. Meeting Commitments: Are Countries on track to achieve SDG4? UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)