CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Overview of approaches and methods

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The CIFOR-ITTO project's general objective is to achieve long-term forest management for multiple uses, integrating social and silvicultural objectives in Malinau, Kalimantan, Indonesia. To achieve this objective there are complicated issues to be dealt with and requires integrated research that combined biological and socioeconomics aspects. The underlying issue is: what are the appropriate research methods and conceptual approaches to guide sustainability for a large forest landscape, where diverse, rapidly changing and often conflicting land use demand exist? This chapter provides a comprehensive coverage of the main issues and perspective of the basic assessment of existing conditions and trends. The approaches adobted in the implementation of the project on reduced impact logging (RIL) technique, biodiversity multidisciplinary landscape assessment (MLA), forest product dependency and adaptive co-management of forests are described.

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