CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Restoration of degraded land for food security and poverty reduction in East Africa and The Sahel: Employing a farmer-centered approach in Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali and Niger

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Land degradation threatens the livelihoods and the food and nutrition security of the poorest, most vulnerable smallholder farmers and pastoralists. As a result, migration is accelerating, with an estimated 60 million people in Sub-Saharan Africa at risk of being displaced by desertification and land degradation by 2050.
    Publication year



    World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)




    deforestation, literature reviews, degraded forests, food security, poverty, livelihoods, soil nutrients, soil


    Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali, Niger

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