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Innovation pathways in the coffee sector in Ethiopia and Kenya

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Coffee is a major commodity supporting African countries economies in terms of foreign exchange, employment creation and income generation at small-scale farming levels. Globally, Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica L.) and Robusta (Coffea canephora Pierre ex A.Froehner) constitute 70% and 30% of total production, respectively (Ngugi et al 2021). Coffee, as an export commodity, generates substantial revenue at the national level through exports. The commodity also creates decent jobs for millions of people domestically and abroad during processing and value addition. Globally, over US$ 200 billion was reported as coffee revenues between 2017 and 2018 (Panhuysen and Pierrot 2020). Despite this remarkable growth, coffee prices have fluctuated over the years, posing a major challenge, especially to small-scale producers who depend on the cash crop as the main income source as argued by Sambuo and Mbwaga (2017).

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