CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Polyaspartic acid enhances the Cd phytoextraction efficiency of Bidens pilosa by remolding the rhizospheric environment and reprogramming plant metabolism

Export citation

The green soil chelator polyaspartic acid (PASP) can enhance heavy metal phytoextraction efficiency, but the potential mechanisms are not clearly understood from the whole soil–plant system. In this study, we explored the effects and potential mechanisms of PASP addition in soils on plant growth and cadmium (Cd) uptake in the Cd hyperaccumulator Bidens pilosa by analysing variations in chemical elements, rhizospheric microbial community, and plant metabolomics. The results showed that PASP significantly promoted the biomass yield and Cd concentration in B. pilosa, leading to an increase in the total accumulated Cd by 46.4% and 76.4% in shoots and 124.7% and 197.3% in roots under 3 and 6 mg kg−1 PASP addition, respectively. The improved soil-available nutrients and enriched plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (e.g., Sphingopyxis, Sphingomonas, Cupriavidus, Achromobacter, Nocardioides, and Rhizobium) were probably responsible for the enhanced plant growth after PASP addition. The increase in Cd uptake by plants could be due to the improved rhizosphere-available Cd, which was directly activated by PASP and affected by the induced rhizobacteria involved in immobilizing/mobilizing Cd (e.g., Sphingomonas, Cupriavidus, Achromobacter, and Rhizobium). Notably, PASP and/or these potassium (K)-solubilizing rhizobacteria (i.e., Sphingomonas, Cupriavidus, and Rhizobium) highly activated rhizosphere-available K to enhance plant growth and Cd uptake in B. pilosa. Plant physiological and metabolomic results indicated that multiple processes involving antioxidant enzymes, amino acids, organic acids, and lipids contributed to Cd detoxification in B. pilosa. This study provides novel insights into understanding how soil chelators drive heavy metal transfer in soil–plant systems.

Altmetric score:
Dimensions Citation Count:

Related publications