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To segregate - or to integrate? The question of balance between production and biodiversity conservation in complex agroforestry systems

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The paper uses Indonesian examples to define the agroforests that are used in the paper as a reference for integrated systems. Agroforest means the mature productive phase of complex agroforestry systems, specially systems that begin with slashing and burning the existing vegetation, planting various commercial and useful tree species, followed by successional phases in forest regeneration process. However in agroforests farmers do not systematically eliminate other species but allow the regeneration and preservation of numerous forest species, those that are perceived as having no detrimental impact on the system’s production.

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