CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Soil fertility, small-farm intensification and the environment in Africa

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In order to eradicate hunger, malnutrition, poverty and environmental degradation in subsaharan Africa, policies that favour smallholder rural development need to be formulated. This paper focuses on two key factors; a) the reversal of soil fertility depletion ad the fundamental biophysical constraint to food security; and b) the intensification and diversification of small-holder farming by growing trees and plants that produce high valued products as a key to poverty eradication. The paper proposes ten main components necessary for the achievement of the mentioned objectives. These components are discussed with special reference to eastern and southern Africa.

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    Sanchez P A J; Jama B A; Niang A I; Palm C A




    agroforestry, carbon sequestration, environmental factors, erosion, food security, nitrogen, phosphorus, small farms, soil fertility

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