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Dynamics of Land Use/Cover Change and Carbon Emission in Buol District, Indonesia

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Buol District is located in the northern part of Central Sulawesi Province, which stretches from 120°50' 32.17" to 122° 11' 43.96" East and between 0° 40' 32.50" to 1° 18' 45.93" North. Located at an altitudeof 0-1,000 meters above sea level (masl), the district borders Gorontalo Province to the west, Toli-toli Districtto the east, Celebes Sea to the north, and Parigi Moutong District to the south. The district covers a total area of 385,708 hectares (ha )withapproximately two-thirds of the area comprising hills with steep and very steep slopes. The plain area is located downstream in the northern and central part of the district.The population of Buol District was132,330 in 2010, and the estimation in 2014 was about 145,889 (BPS Kabupaten Buol 2015). Approximately43% of Buol’s population in 2014comprised laborers who mainlyworked in land-based sectors, such as agriculture, livestock, forestry, plantation and mining.As the main source of livelihoodin Buol District, the land-based sector requires vast areasfor economic development,and the demand for land for production of various commodities continues to grow. The result is conversion of land use and cover for agricultural commodities.These changes affect the ability of the landscape to storecarbon stock, which is one of the main indicators of environmental services provided by the landscape. In many cases,trade-offs between land provisions for developing land-based sectors and improving the ability of the landscape to store carbon stock is unavoidable.To address this issue, the local government in partnership with the relevant stakeholders in the district,needs to formulate scenarios of land use planning towards low-emission development.

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