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CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Eco-certified jungle rubber: a safety net for disappearing species?

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Protecting jungle rubber is an investment in biodiversity that pays significant dividends. Jungle rubber is a traditional agroforestry practice that allows jungle plants to grow among the rubber trees. Of the total world rubber production, only about 7% comes fr om Indonesian jungle rubber. Studies from the Bungo District of Sumatra show that jungle rubber harbors more than 500 species of trees, mammals and birds, while rubber and oil palm monocultures contain only a handful of species. Bungo's jungle rubber may also provide corridors between Indonesia's giant Kerinci Seblat National Park and smaller protected areas. These areas provide homes to the critically endangered Sumatran Tiger and the world's largest flower, Rafflesia arnoldii .

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