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How to define and recognize a rubber agroforest?

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Biodiversity-rich rubber agroforest (RAF) contains a large share of the original forest plant and animal species of lowland Suma tra. It may be feasible to get market recognition for the forest-like production conditions, initially targeting ‘niche markets’. Any form of certification, however, requires an oper ational definition of species-rich rubber agroforest. In fact there is a continuum of management intensities and species richness. Our goal is to define quantitative criteria that are: • easy to understand • easy to measure • reliable • clearly distinguishing ‘jungle rubber’ from ‘rubber monoculture’ (or intensively managed rubber agroforest with only little bio diversity values left).

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