{{menu_nowledge_desc}}.

CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

How to define and recognize a rubber agroforest?

Export citation

Biodiversity-rich rubber agroforest (RAF) contains a large share of the original forest plant and animal species of lowland Suma tra. It may be feasible to get market recognition for the forest-like production conditions, initially targeting ‘niche markets’. Any form of certification, however, requires an oper ational definition of species-rich rubber agroforest. In fact there is a continuum of management intensities and species richness. Our goal is to define quantitative criteria that are: • easy to understand • easy to measure • reliable • clearly distinguishing ‘jungle rubber’ from ‘rubber monoculture’ (or intensively managed rubber agroforest with only little bio diversity values left).

Related publications