CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Landscape-level analysis of abatement costs in three provinces of Indonesia

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1. How large have emissions been in the past 15 years where did they occur is Indonesia indeed number 3 in the world and is our per capita emission higher than Europe 2. Are emissions linked to economic growth are they necessary to get out of poverty and meet Millennium Development Goals 3. What fraction of emissions could be reduced if carbon markets are allowed to function 4. What part of avoidable emissions will be covered by REDD schemes as currently discussed

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