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CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Tree - soil - crop interactions in sequential and simultaneous agroforestry systems

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Concepts and methods for studying tree-soil-crop interactions are reviewed and a long-term hedgerow intercropping study in Indonesia is presented. A model (WANULCAS), still under construction, which uses the STELLA II model representing a 4-layer soil profile, a water and N balance and uptake by a crop and a tree is described. The model allows for the evaluation of different pruning regimes, hedgerow spacings and rates of application of fertilizer. The description of water and nutrients uptake is based on root length densities, plant demand and the effective supply by diffusion at a given soil water content. The model is suitable for simultaneous and sequential agroforestry systems, incorporates management options and will be tested using the Lampung dataset.

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