CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Overcoming Practical Impediments To Biodiverse Tree-Planting

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Around the world, we see massive tree planting initiatives taking place. These are part of nature-based solutions that are generally acknowledged to have a significant role to play in solving some of today’s most pressing global problems. These challenges include climate adaptation and mitigation; sustainable and nutritious food supply; and the restoration of forests and degraded lands coupled with biodiversity conservation. A common problem, however, is that tree planting has had only limited success in achieving the anticipated benefits. For example, restoration targets have failed because many planted trees do not survive. This is because the species and provenances used have been poorly chosen for the environment of the planting site. Compounding this, the seedlings have been insufficiently cared for, as local people have not seen the benefits of doing this, since the planted trees do not provide them with the products and services that they most need.

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