CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Effect of intercropping maize and closely spaced Leucaena hedgerows on soil conservation and maize yield on a steep slope at Ntcheu, Malawi

Export citation

A six-year soil conservation trial was conducted on a steep slope, 44 percent, with a subhumid climate, based on very closely spaced (90 cm) hedgerows, using three intraspecific hybrids of Leucaena leucocephala. Soil loss averaged 2.0 t/ha per year on the Leucaena plots compared with an initial 80 t/ha per year on the unprotected control plot, falling to 27 t/ha per year after the top soil had been eroded. After 6 years, micro terraces of 35 cm high and 81 cm wide had developed on the intercropped plots, with substantially improved soil properties. Maize yield (unfertilized) were maintained at 1.5-2.0 t/ha on the protected plots, compared with a progressive fall from 0.8 to 0.5 t/ha on the sole maize control.

Altmetric score:
Dimensions Citation Count:

    Publication year



    Banda A Z; Magembe J A; Ngugi D N; Chome V A




    crop yield, erosion control, hedgerow intercropping, intercropping, leucaena leucocephala, soil conservation, terraces



Related publications