CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Building a holistic picture

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This final chapter seeks to synthesise key discussions and conclusions from the preceding chapters. Each chapter deals with a specific dimension of NTFP use and management, but when read together, offers a revealing overview of the discourses, debates, and dilemmas associated with the use and promotion of NTFPs over the past two to three decades. Here, we capture this bigger picture through the development of an integrated understanding of these issues and debates. While unpacking broadly applicable lessons and generalisations, we also attempt, given the varied profiles and contexts of NTFPs, to go further through questioning how an integrated understanding stands up to scrutiny as local and global circumstances change. This is particularly pertinent as the key foundations underlying the policy and functional value of NTFPs change. Lastly, we consider some of what we perceive to be the key areas that need investigation or resolution over the coming decade.

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