CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Measuring subsidence

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Why do we monitor subsidence?

Depending on the way peatlands are managed, peat surface elevation changes as a result of deforestation, drainage and subsequent fires. The surface can also rise when revegetated and/or re-wetted.

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