CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Investing in commonly-held resources for inclusive and sustainable development: Lessons from Guatemala, Mexico, Nepal and Namibia

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Key messages

  • Investment in commons comes primarily from donors, governments and communities, but private sector investment is increasing.
  • Commons-based investment readiness is conditional on the level of assurance stakeholders have that the obligations of each party will be met. Investment readiness develops over time and in stages, as levels of assurance increase.
  • Each sector has specific roles and responsibilities for mitigating risk.
  • Community rights have fostered investment that recognizes the social character of commons ownership and delivers environmental and social returns, as well as profits.
  • There is a need for additional research on the origins, mechanisms, volume and direction of investment in community-managed resources that can help communities and investors alike better understand their options.


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