CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Amazonas, Brazil: Low-emission rural development (LED-R) at a glance

Export citation

  • Largest Brazilian state by area, with 97% of forest area intact
  • 28% of state land in indigenous territories & 12% in protected areas - including the 1st sustainable development reserve (RDS) nationwide (Mamirauá)
  • State environmental policies generally prioritize social & biodiversity impacts over emission reduction
  • Introduction of Green Free Trade Zone Program (ZFV) in 2003 represented a new paradigm of government prioritizing forest protection
  • 2003-2008: Deforestation fell 61%, state economy grew 9% annually, & protected areas increased 135%


Related publications