- Comprised of 3 ecosystems: Cerrado (64%), Amazon (35%) & Caatinga (1%); 80% of the state is within the Legal Amazon (~240,000 km2)
- Differing biome-specific environmental policies pose challenges for implementing statewide LED-R initiatives
- 70% of remaining forests located in indigenous peoples' (IP) territories & protected reserves; secondary vegetation (27% of deforested area) is unprotected, despite significant restoration potential
- Part of MATOPIBA region: agricultural frontier of the Cerrado spanning Maranhão, Tocantins, Piaui & Bahia states
- 20% of state's soybean crop area certified by Round Table for Responsible Soy (RTRS); ~65% of soy expansion on lands converted from native vegetation.
- Land concentration & monoculture in late 20th century contributed to socio-economic disparity & underdevelopment.
- Free Babaçu Law gives rights to babaçu harvesters (mostly women) for free access & community use of babaçu, even on private land, & prohibits cutting & burning palm trees to protect babaçu harvesting & promote sustainable agricultural development.
de los Rios, J.M.; David, O.; Crisostomo, A.C.; Stickler, C.
deforestation, livelihoods, sustainable development, policy, climate change