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CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

The role of biodiversity in integrated landscape approaches

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Global biodiversity loss is a major challenge. Since 1970, the number of birds, mammals, reptiles and amphibians has dropped by more than half and over a quarter of all species (one million animal and plant species) are now threatened with extinction (Brondizio et al. 2019). The extinction rate is now 1000 times faster than in pre-industrialization times, suggesting the advent of a sixth mass extinction (Barnosky et al. 2011).
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