CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Continuity and change in shea supply chain governance in Burkina Faso (1890-2019)

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Shea fruits, nuts and butter are non-timber forest products of the shea tree (Vitellaria paradoxa), the most widespread tree species in West African parklands. The fruits and butter extracted from its kernels are essential ingredients in the diet of rural communities, and sales of surplus nuts and butter generate crucial income for women.
    Publication year



    Wardell, D.A.; Elias, M.; Zida, M.




    supply chain, governance, agroforestry, trade, nontimber forest products


    Burkina Faso

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