CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Sensing, feeling, thinking: Why the body, heart and mind are all important in ecosystem management

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Key messages

  • People value ecosystems for the different contributions that they make to human well-being, both material and non-material.
  • Non-material contributions, such as those related to identity, sense of place and psychological well-being, have affective, cognitive and sensory dimensions.
  • Although overlooked in ecosystem management and research, the affective and sensory aspects are important for connectedness with nature, human well-being, conservation and environmental justice.
  • This brief summarizes the main findings of qualitative research in Apurimac (Peru) that explores the affective, cognitive and sensory dimensions of people’s ecosystem experiences and imaginaries.
  • Understanding the diversity of people’s experiences and imaginaries is important for more equitable and sustainable ecosystem management.


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    Pramova, E.; Locatelli, B.; Valdivia-Díaz, M.




    ecosystem management, qualitative analysis, human behaviour, human activity, conservation, environmental assesment

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