CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Capacity building for ACM: Lessons learned from training in distinct contexts

Export citation

Capacity building should be an integral component of adaptive collaborative management (ACM) approaches to give participants the skills, awareness, and confidence to understand and implement ACM methods. This chapter examines our insights from 20 years of work in ACM by looking at three cases from Bolivia, Nicaragua, and Ghana in which we introduced ACM methods in distinct contexts to assist local stakeholders in addressing forest management challenges. In each case, an initial capacity-building phase was necessary to facilitate ACM processes. We argue that training should be approached through an ACM lens to generate social learning processes, placing experimentation and reflexivity at the core of such capacity-building programmes. Training in ACM is not simply about teaching a new methodology, it is about building an ethos of experimentation, learning and collaboration. Our goal in training was to create self-reinforcing cycles in which participants reflected on their learning so that they could consciously facilitate learning with others. This not only allowed us to gauge the effectiveness of the capacity-building exercises and whether key messages were being captured by trainees, but also to successfully introduce the ACM approach to ongoing initiatives.

Altmetric score:
Dimensions Citation Count:

    Publication year



    Cronkleton, P.; Evans, K.; Larson, A.M.




    capacity building, forest management, community forestry, community involvement, landscape conservation


    Bolivia, Nicaragua, Ghana

Related publications