CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Addressing imported deforestation and zero deforestation commitments

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Over a quarter of deforestation (27 percent) is caused by land use change attributed to the production of commodities (Curtis et al. 2018). Estimates of tropical forest lost attributed to expanding cropland, pastures and forest plantations range from between 62 to 80 percent (Pendrill et al. 2019, Hosonuma et al. 2012) with 26 percent of tropical forest loss attributed to the international demand for commodities (Pendrill et al. 2019). Deforestation has thus been seen as a worldwide responsibility, since products linked to deforestation in a specific location are sold and consumed worldwide. It has been estimated that 10 percent of deforestation is linked to the consumption of unsustainably sourced commodities within member countries of the EU, caused by imported commodities since deforestation within Europe is negligible (Cuypers et al. 2013). This phenomenon results in what is currently known as forest-risk commodities and commodity-driven deforestation. Commodities associated with imported deforestation produced in Central Africa are palm oil, cocoa, coffee, natural rubber, timber and cotton.

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