CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Achieving Sustainability in the Palm Oil Sector: Challenges and Key Interventions for Indonesia and Malaysia

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This brief identifies challenges and key interventions to achieve sustainability, especially those focusing on smallholders and at the subnational jurisdictional level. Interventions are defined as incentives, disincentives, and/or enabling measures through initiatives, programs and policies with goals and aims for sustainability. This brief draws on data collected using two main methods: (1) consultations with Indonesian and Malaysian stakeholders at various levels (national, state/provincial, and district) through focus group discussions and interviews, and (2) literature review.
    Publication year



    Peteru, S.; Komarudin, H.




    oil palms, sustainability, small scale farming, stakeholders, literature reviews


    Malaysia, Indonesia

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