CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

How to: expand your MSP’s influence over time. Supporting adaptive learning to improve effectiveness and reach

Export citation

Structured reflection on MSP outcomes can contribute to their improved management, and to longer-term durability and impact (Sarmiento Barletti, 2022). This requires grappling with the complex interplay between the MSP’s characteristics and its surrounding context in producing specific outcomes: MSPs done well seek both to ‘fit within’ the local governance context and ‘purposefully disrupt’ inequitable and unsustainable patterns of stakeholder interaction (Hewlett et al., 2021).

Related publications