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CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

On-farm testing and dissemination of agroforestry among slash-and-burn farmers in Nagaland, India

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This paper describes the structure and impacts of a development project in Nagaland India . The project was a large-scale experiment in participatory development that emphasised loca l technology based on farmer-led testing of agroforestry where farmers themselves selec t agroforestry technologies implement the field tests and assume responsibility for disseminat - ing the results locally. This assessment suggests that agroforestry has spread rapidly and bee n primarily adopted on land that otherwise would have been used by traditional farmers for swidden agriculture. Thus Nagaland appears to be on a path to intensifying its land use base d on agroforestry which is likely to brake deforestation rates. The high rate of scaling up wa s due to an effective property rights system access to a large and growing timber market a continual process of internal monitoring and evaluation provision of low-cost seeds an d seedlings and a participatory project strategy with interventions based on flexibility and community empowerment .

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