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CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Interactions between components of multi-strata rubber agroforestry: what can be learnt from on-farm trials

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Jungle rubber is a traditional multi-strata agroforestry system in which rubber trees grow together with secondary forest timber and fruit tree species. The system provides a diverse range of timber and non-timber forest products and environmental benefits due to its forest-like structure but rubber production per hectare is low.

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