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CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation in the Philippines

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The Philippines being an archipelagic and developing country is highly vulnerable to current climate risks as well as future climat e change. An average of 20 tropical cyclones enter the Philippine area of responsibility although around 8 or 9 will cross any part of the country per year. In addition the country is periodically affected by the ENSO (El Niño-Southern Oscillation) phenomenon that induces prolonged wet and dry seasons. Current efforts to address the impacts of climate change exist but may not be sufficient. We tried to assess how far climate change has been mainstreamed into key national development plans and programs and obtained the perception of various stakeholders

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