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Tree-soil-crop interactions in sequential and simultaneous agroforestry systems

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The paper reviews concepts and methods for studying tree-soil-crop interactions. It discusses an empirical approach to separate positive from negative interactions and obtain a process-level understanding of the components. Descrives framework for the synthesis of component knowledge. It indicates that the final outcome of an agroforestry system for a specific farmer depends both on the nature (inherent plant qualities) and the nature (effects of the abiotic and biotic environment farmer management) of the system.

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