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Agroforestry, livestock, fodder production and climate change adaptation and mitigation in East Africa: issues and options

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Agroforestry and livestock - keeping both have the pot ential to promote anthropogenic climate change - resilience and understanding how they can support each other in this context is crucial. Here we discuss relevant issues in East Africa where recent agroforestry interventions to support livestock - keeping h ave included the planting of mostly - exotic tree - fodders and where most parts of the region are expected to become drier in the next decades although smaller areas may become wetter. Wider cultivation and improved management of fodder trees provides adapt ation and mitigation opportunities in the region but these are generally not well quantified and there are clear opportu nities for increasing productivity and resilience through diversification genetic improvement improved farm - input delivery and better modelling of future scenarios. We relate and illustrate with the example of current - and future - climate tree species distribution m odell ing important areas for future research

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