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Existing Conditions, Challenges and Needs in the Implementation of Forestry and Agroforestry Extension in Indonesia

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Timber and non-timber forest products (NTFPs) are forestry and agroforestry products with the potential to contribute to the livelihoods of farmers. According to Rohadi et al (2012) the sale of teak planted in agroforestry gardens by farmers in Gunungkidul Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta contributed around 12% of the household income. NTFPs are important short- and mid-term income sources. The report on the Smallholder Agribusiness Development Initiative (SADI) research from the Australian Centre for International Agriculture Research (ACIAR) stated that in Timor Barat honey is still underdeveloped as source of farmer income. The research agencies felt that honey is a potential NTFP and should be developed through research and should be sourced from local bees (Nimwegen et al 2009).

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