CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Stabilization of upland agroecosystems as a strategy for protection of national park buffer zones: a case study of the co-evolution of Minangkabau Farming Systems and Kerinci Seblat National Park

Export citation

Despite the unfortunate record of park - farmer conflicts throughout Southeast Asia there are notable exceptions where the production objectives of local farming communities have co-existed in relative harmony with conservation goals of adjacent protected areas and have resulted in retained integrity of park boundaries and successful conservation of the biodiversity contained within. These case studies provide insights on the factors responsible for the conservation and enhancement of biodiversity and suggest ways in which conditions responsible for is maintenance may be enhanced. This paper suggests that the north-eastern flank of the Kerinci Seblat National Park in West Sumatra Indonesia exemplifies a relatively benign park - farmer interrelationship. It examines historical socio-cultural biophysical and economic factors that have shaped Minangkabau land-use patterns in the study area with particular. focus on. the rotational bush-fallow system that constitutes the immediate farming system - park interface and it suggests linkages with reduced pressure on park resources. The underpinnings of the relative harmony of farming systems with West Sumatra's natural environment are a unique fusion of socio-cultural characteristics of the Minangkabau historical events that have shaped West Sumatra's development and agroecological attributes of the landscape. Although the conditions found in this case study may not be directly extrapolated to other areas a number of lessons emerged that can be widely applied in ongoing efforts to protect parks and conserve biodiversity.

Related publications