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CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Indonesian 2nd FREL 2022

While the Indonesian first FREL submitted to the secretariat of the UNFCCC is a laudable first effort, areas for technical improvement suggested by UNFCCC reviewers encompassed inclusion of peatland fires and emissions of non-CO2 gases. Emissions are reported at a Tier 2 level using country-specific data. In addition to the already adopted emissions factor (EF), Indonesia uses its own high-resolution land cover dynamics, known as activity data (AD) for the most important land cover categories.

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