Inspired by natural ecosystems, agroecology combines local and scientific knowledge, and focuses on the interactions between plants, animals, humans and the environment. It seeks to build resilience in both livelihoods and landscapes, and address key knowledge and implementation gaps to support agroecological transitions.
CIFOR-ICRAF’s work on agroecology uses a systems approach to determine ‘Options by context’ (OxC), working closely with smallholder farmers to develop locally relevant innovations that will help them keep pace with the global demand for food without damaging the natural resources they need to produce it.
Ensuring soil health is a key agroecological principle. Our work focuses on managing soils to protect their ability to sequester carbon, store and regulate water and nutrients, and provide other ecosystem services.