CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Which Agroforestry for Arid Climates?

The land use in arid and semi-arid climates of the world including dry woodlands and savannas has the challenge of providing food for important populations of humans and livestock. But ecophysiological factors including growth resources like water limit the agroecosystem productivity, while social factors such as increasing human population, high demand for wood biofuel, insecure land tenure and unaffordable farm inputs put even more pressure on farmers’ ability to get sufficient food and income for supporting their needs. While it is necessary to meet the global development agenda of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially food security and eradication of poverty, the use of un-adapted agriculture practices have resulted in loss of tree cover, overgrazing, reduced soil health and desertification. At the same time, from oasis and homegardens to agroforestry parklands, using bocages, windbreaks or live fences, farmer communities have developed various agroforestry systems and techniques for adapting to such a difficult environment. In this session, we will explore what can be learned from local traditional systems, farmers’ innovations and scientific research to conceive agroforestry systems able to boost productivity and improve food security and nutrition while reducing disaster risk and providing ecosystem services in these arid climatic regions of the world.  


Anthony Kimaro

Tanzania Country Representative, CIFOR-ICRAF


Agroforestry innovations in dryland area of Africa: results of 40 years of research-action in North Cameroon and Dallol Dosso in Niger 
Régis Peltier, CIRAD, France  

Inverted phenology of Faidherbia albida paced with the dynamics of the water table
Olivier Roupsard, CIRAD, Senegal  

Analysis of the future climatic conditions of the olive sector in the Tangier-Tetouan-Al-Hoceima region, Morocco 
Romane Hamon, Université Laval, Canada  

Productivity and drought resistance of maize intercropped with G. sepium and pigeonpea 
Anthony Kimaro, ICRAF, Tanzania (United Republic of Tanzania)  

Agroforestry for forage production and soil improvement in desert areas of Kuwait
M Anisul Islam, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Kuwait