CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Which Agroforestry for Commercial Perennial Crops and Trees?

Monoculture in full sun conditions was usually recommended in tropical perennials such as coffee, cacao, oil palm and temperate perennials such as fruit trees. Nowadays, associating trees, planted on hedgerows or inside plots, are advocated due to the wide range of ecosystem services that they provide. New concepts and tools are available to help in selecting locally adapted tree species and in analyzing trade-offs between the provision of ecosystem services and societal and farmers’ needs, constraints and preferences. Building on local traditional systems, farmers’ innovations and most recent scientific research, this session aims to explore advances in tropical and temperate agroforestry systems with perennial crops, covering experiences on the complementarity or competition for resources as well as biodiversity conservation, diversification of revenues, avoided deforestation, climate change mitigation and adaptation, soil and landscape restoration, agricultural regeneration, regulation of the water cycle, biocontrol of pests and diseases, and entry point for landscape governance and community resilience.  


Nguyen Mai Phoung



Increasing crop diversity to increase economic and environmental efficiency in coffee and pepper farming systems in Vietnam
Clément Rigal, CIRAD, France

Assessing farmers innovative oil-palm agroforestry systems in the Allada plateau, Southern Benin
Hermione Koussihouèdé, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Benin

The conditions for RAS (Rubber Agroforestry Systems) to emerge? Income diversification and positive environmental externalities for a better farm resilience.
Eric Penot, CIRAD, France

Expansion of fruit tree-based agroforestry in Northwest Vietnam by socio-economic and geographical context
Mai Phuong Nguyen, World Agroforestry, Vietnam