CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Cocoa, timber, coffee and palm oil are the major commodities that support smallholder livelihoods, along with lesser-known tree crops and non-timber forest products such as nuts, honey, resins and natural medicines. While they can provide a diverse range of nutritious foods and other ecosystem services, their productivity is threatened by unsustainable practices, biodiversity loss and climate change.

CIFOR-ICRAF is supporting local innovations to sustainably produce food across landscapes. Through our ‘options by context’ (OxC) approach, we are helping farmers adopt agroecological and climate-smart principles and practices, while also strengthening land and resource rights for forest-dependent communities. Research migration and urbanization aims to understand how these choices affect land-use decisions, social dynamics and gender roles. We are also identifying ways to engage the private sector, as well as youth and women, in sustainable forestry and agroforestry practices to build resilient, productive communities.

CONTACTS

Fergus Sinclair

Chief Scientist

Habtemariam Kassa

Principal Scientist

Livelihoods: Fast facts

At least 2 billion people depend on the agricultural sector for their livelihoods, particularly poor and rural populations1
~80% of the world’s farms are smaller than 2 ha, but they take up only ~12% of the world’s agricultural land2
~86 million green jobs, as well as food, shelter, energy, medicines, come from forests3

 

Sources:
1 Abraham M and Pingali P. 2020. Transforming smallholder agriculture to achieve the SDGs. In Gomez y Paloma S, et al. (eds.). Springer, Cham. 173- 209.
2 Lowder SK, et al. 2016. The number, size, and distribution of farms, smallholder farms, and family farms worldwide. World Development 87: 16–29.
3 FAO. 2020. State of the World’s Forests 2020. Rome: FAO.

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CIFOR-ICRAF explores the dynamics of gender and other social categories in forestry and agroforestry, and how these influence tenure security, livelihoods, climate change policy and action, food security and nutrition, inclusive value chains, governance, access to energy, migration and landscape restoration. 

A deep and evolving understanding of gender and other social structures that mediate women and men’s roles and relations underlies all of our activities, whether as a focus of specific studies, integrated in all research projects, or within our own organization. Taking an intersectional approach to gender equality, we examine how gender intersects with ethnicity, wealth status, caste and age to influence outcomes. 

We also recognize gender equality as an inherent human right and not just a mechanism to deliver greater impact. While win-wins are ideal, we recognize that some situations call for reconciling gender equality and environmental objectives.

Gender: Fast facts

In 30 of the most forested low- and middle-income countries, over 50% have laws protecting women’s property rights. But for community tenure regimes, only 29% protect women’s membership, 10% protect inheritance rights and 3% protect their right to vote

 

About this team

Recognizing that the full development of production and livelihood options must consider the different roles of women and men, our work aims to explore gender dynamics and inform more inclusive and equitable policy and practice on the topics of governance principles and practice, rights and justice, gender and social inclusion, integrated approaches to multifunctional landscapes, and policy development and implementation. We aim to understand and address barriers to gender equality, to enhance inclusion, representation and participation. Our multi-pronged approach includes capacity development, strategic partnerships, outreach and engagement, and monitoring and adaptive learning. 

Using a variety of media – from videos to photo essays to research stories – we aim to amplify the voices of women, men and youth in forest and tree landscapes around the world. 

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In many countries, uncertain tenure and overlapping rights leads to conflict and forest and land degradation, disproportionately affecting women, poor people and ethnic minorities. But with clear and secure rights, forest communities are more likely to take a longer-term, more sustainable view of forest management.

CIFOR-ICRAF equips policymakers, practitioners and communities in countries at various stages of tenure reform with a deeper understanding of the key drivers, challenges and future consequences of different policy options – especially for women, poor people and ethnic minorities. 

CONTACT

Anne Larson

Team Leader, Governance, equity and well-being

Tenure and tenure reform: Fast facts

Indigenous Peoples, Afro-descendant Peoples, and local communities have legally recognized rights to 15.3% of the world’s forests1
Of 31 countries that hold 70% of the world’s tropical forests, only 3 explicitly recognize community rights to carbon on lands owned by or designated for communities2

 

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