What the new Global Biodiversity Framework means for forests and trees – and the life they harbour

Next steps for nature

Hailed as a landmark agreement, the new Global Biodiversity Framework adopted by Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity at December’s biodiversity summit in Montreal includes ambitious goals to protect 30% of the planet by 2030, restore 30% terrestrial and marine ecosystems, phase out harmful subsidies, and boost funding to developing countries by USD30 billion per year. Critically, all 23 targets and 4 goals of the agreement recognize the rights of Indigenous Peoples and their essential role in decision making.

How to ensure countries can deliver on these targets to protect species worldwide?

CIFOR-ICRAF’s work across the Global South has long highlighted the critical role that trees – whether in forests or on farms – play in protecting biodiversity and supporting the wild plants and animals that are central to both ecosystems and local livelihoods.

Next step for nature

Tackling threats to wildlife

As a member of the Collaborative Partnership on Sustainable Wildlife Management and the Sustainable Wildlife Management consortium, CIFOR-ICRAF is influencing policy decision-making around wildlife conservation worldwide.

We are helping to halt the world’s 6th mass extinction through targeted research and collaborative work with national and global partners to promote agroecological and landscape approaches that can restore wildlife habitat and bring humans back into harmony with nature across forest and tree landscapes.

The challenge: Biodiversity loss and deforestation

Over 10 million species of animals, plants, fungi and microorganisms inhabit Earth. Wildlife holds intrinsic value for both people and nature, and plays a key role in local diets, livelihoods and customs. But only a fraction of known species have been studied, and extinction threats are escalating.


  1. The state of the world's forests 2020, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO); http://www.fao.org/state-of-forests/en/
  2. Rainforests, National Geographic; https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/rain-forest/
  3. Fact Sheet: Rainforest Animals, Rainforest Action Network (RAN); https://www.ran.org/fact_sheet_rainforest_animals/
  4. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Redlist; https://nc.iucnredlist.org/redlist/content/attachment_ files/2020-2_RL_Stats_Table1b.pdf

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