CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Opportunities for a low-emission transformation of Colombia’s food system

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Key messages

  • The food system in Colombia contributes a significant proportion (62%) of total anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, which is twice the global average (31%).
  • The three primary sources of emissions in Colombia’s food system, ranked in decreasing order of importance, are: (i) net forest conversion, accounting for 45% of total food system emissions; (ii) livestock management, including enteric fermentation and manure management (35% of emissions); and (iii) food system waste disposal (6% of emissions). Mitigation strategies in Colombia’s food system should prioritize reducing emissions from these sources, and continue and expand actions to increase forest-related carbon sinks.

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