CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Democratic Republic of Congo’s charcoal value chains: the case of Kisangani

Export citation

The socio-economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic have been far reaching, impacting regional and local supply of forest products and affecting the livelihoods of millions of people. A recent study by CIFOR-ICRAF conducted in Kisangani – the DRC’s third largest city – and one of its supply basins, the Yangambi landscape, shows both the resilience of the charcoal trade in continuing to supply the urban population with cooking fuel, and the vulnerability of the operators involved in production and trade. Uncertainty and shifting actors in light of COVID-19 restrictions threaten many livelihoods and do not offer an enabling environment for more sustainable practices. Vulnerabilities that have become visible during the pandemic need to be subject of reforms addressing informal trade and “building back better” for a sustainable charcoal sector.
    Publication year







    charcoal, value chain, fuelwood, pandemic, energy consumption


    Democratic Republic of the Congo

Related publications