CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.



There is nothing better than a tree to make farming more diverse and landscapes more resilient

More than simply ‘agriculture with trees’, agroforesty is an agroecological approach that involves farmers, livestock, trees and forests at multiple scales – including trees on farms, farming in forests and at forest margins and tree-crop production. It leverages the ability of trees to store carbon, draw water and nutrients from soil, shelter biodiversity, build soil organic matter and carbon, and record climate history.

Since the term agroforestry was coined in the late 1970s to describe the work of World Agroforestry (ICRAF), the concept has evolved greatly. CIFOR-ICRAF’s approach addresses the complexity of the interaction between people and ecological systems through a holistic systems approach.

Agroforestry: Fast facts

Restoring degraded land using agroforestry could increase food security for 1.3 billion people1
Agroforestry can reduce soil erosion by 50 per cent and increase soil carbon by 21%2


1 Smith P et al. 2019. Interlinkages between desertification, land degradation, food security and greenhouse gas fluxes: Synergies, trade-offs and integrated response options. In Climate change and land. Shukla PR et al. (eds.). IPCC.
2 Muchane MN et al. 2020. Agroforestry boosts soil health in the humid and sub-humid tropics: A meta-analysis. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 295.

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