CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.



Transforming food systems for landscapes and livelihoods

Inspired by natural ecosystems, agroecology combines local and scientific knowledge, and focuses on the interactions between plants, animals, humans and the environment. It seeks to build resilience in both livelihoods and landscapes, and address key knowledge and implementation gaps to support agroecological transitions.

CIFOR-ICRAF’s work on agroecology uses a systems approach to determine ‘Options by context’ (OxC), working closely with smallholder farmers to develop locally relevant innovations that will help them keep pace with the global demand for food without damaging the natural resources they need to produce it.

Ensuring soil health is a key agroecological principle. Our work focuses on managing soils to protect their ability to sequester carbon, store and regulate water and nutrients, and provide other ecosystem services.

Contact us

Fergus Sinclair

Chief Scientist

Agroecology: Fast facts

An improved rice–fish–duck agroecosystem in China is estimated to have 7.8 times the economic value of the conventional hybrid rice monoculture model


Source: Zhang Y et al. 2017. A conservation approach of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS). Sustainability 9(2):295.

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