Over 10 million species of animals, plants, fungi and microorganisms inhabit Earth. This diversity plays a key role in the maintenance of ecosystem good and services, healthy diets, housing and clothing, clean air and water, flood control, fertile soils and pollination. It also helps build resilience to unexpected crop failings, ecosystem collapse – and climate change.
With only a fraction of known species studied for their potential medicinal, agricultural or industrial value, the greatest value of biodiversity might still be unknown. CIFOR-ICRAF aims to raise awareness of the important role of biodiversity in food security and nutrition.
Biodiversity: Fast facts