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CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Payments for environmental services in Costa Rica

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Costa Rica was the first developing country to have implemented a nation-wide program of payments for environmental services. We analyze whether the efficiency of the program could be increased through better targeting techniques and propose a targeting mechanism which takes into account the spatial diversity of service provision and opportunity cost. Given a fixed budget we show that selecting sites according to their service delivery potential increases the amount of contracted services. The efficiency increase is even more pronounced when opportunity costs are taken into account and payment levels are varied accordingly. We also observe that the use of the above mentioned concepts decreases the average area of the selected, sites which might indicate that the proposed approaches encourage participation of the poor.
    Publication year

    2006

    Authors

    Wunscher, T.; Engel, S.; Wunder, S.

    Language

    English

    Keywords

    environmental services, income, nature conservation

    Geographic

    Costa Rica

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