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CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Profile of the production landscape of Pagar Alam: towards sustainable upland agriculture

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The Pagar Alam production landscape is grouped into 4 clusters: North Dempo 1, North Dempo 2, Central Dempo 1, and Central Dempo 2 based on its landscape biophysical conditions and proximity to the forest. The North Dempo cluster represent villages that are potentially affected by the Social Forestry Programme, while the Central Dempo are villages that are potentially affected by the social forestry and irrigation reservoir programmes. The FGDs indicated that most farmers in the four clusters managed their agricultural lands. Much of the agricultural land was located within the forest administrative boundaries due to various reasons, such as unclear forest administrative boundary, or farmers who cultivated their lands before the forest boundary was enacted.

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