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The Land Degradation Surveillance Framework: Field Guide

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The LDSF was developed by the authors and colleagues over several years of land degradation research in Kenya's Lake Victoria basin, Madagascar, Mali and southern Africa. The LDSF is designed to provide a biophysical baseline at landscape level, and a monitoring and evaluation framework for assessing processes of land degradation and the effectiveness of rehabilitation measures (recovery) over time. The framework is built around a hierarchical field survey and sampling protocol using sites that are 100 km2 (10 x 10 km).
    Publication year



    World Agroforestry




    land degradation, soil quality, landscape conservation, land rehabilitation


    Kenya, Madagascar, Mali

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