CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

How farmers use and manage tree germplasm: case studies from the Peruvian Amazon

Export citation

The results of case studies (rapid rural appraisal approach) conducted in the Pucallpa region, Peru, during 1996, are presented. Information was obtained on the socioeconomic conditions of the farmers (2 indigenous and 3 immigrant) who all practiced slash-and-burn agriculture on a 5-20 year cycle. Trees in the region are used primarily, in order of preference, for fruit, construction poles, firewood, medicines, sawn timber, fencing, canoes and soil improvement. Some trees, especially fruit trees, are planted, but management is restricted to weed control during establishment. Germplasm came mainly from natural regeneration of existing trees and on-farm collections. Selection criteria for fruit trees concentrated on fruit quality rather than quantity. It is concluded that there is obvious lack on farm of quality tree germplasm of some species, although most farmers seem unaware of this.

Related publications